Osteoporosis is a disease of the weakening and fragility of bones, causing fractures. Osteoporosis mostly occurs in people with advanced age and women over the age of 50 years. 80 % of osteoporosis patients are females. Let us see how and why this disease occurs in women mostly.
The osteoporosis disease that occurs in women after the age of 50 years is called post menopausal osteoporosis. This occurs because of the menopause phase in female life span. Menopause is a condition when the female menstruation stops and it happens during the mid-later years of life, when the female is 45- 50 years old. The disease occurs due to hypoestrogenism in women – a condition when the estrogen levels in female body reduce considerably, which is common after menopause. Estrogen is a hormone that aids the process of bone formation and declines the rate of bone resorption. Due to fall in the estrogen levels in the body, bone resorption takes over bone formation and hence minerals like calcium are absorbed from the bones in more quantity. That is why as women grow older, they lose more calcium from their bones. And this has been statistically noticed that among 5-7 years post the menopause in women, calcium levels in their bones decline drastically. Hence, post menopausal osteoporosis is common in women.
Since, post menopausal osteoporosis is caused due to low estrogen levels, there should be some way of treating it by regulation of estrogen hormone in the blood, and thus reduce resorption of calcium from bones. Here comes in picture, the hormone replacement therapies. They are techniques by which those hormones are regulated that are not produced in body in adequate amounts. Similarly, estrogen hormone is made to be produced in required amounts in the body through hormone replacement. Thus, estrogen level in the blood rejuvenates causing the reduction in calcium absorption from the bones, thus treating osteoporosis.
Other ways of treating post menopausal osteoporosis are via the basic CDEs. Intake of calcium supplements for the rest of the life-time, coupled with natural calcium included in daily dietary plan. Also, sun-bath in early morning sun with weight bearing exercises is necessary. This can prevent the patients from having fractures of the hip, wrist and the spine. The hip fracture is common among women due to post menopausal osteoporosis. Though, in most cases, osteoporosis doesn’t show up any symptoms until a fracture occurs, post menopausal females should be aware that they may get the disease, about its characteristics and hence, take measures to save themselves from falling prey to it.
Of the total population affected by low bone mass, 80% are women. Of this 80 %, about 30 % are confirmed with osteoporosis. Moreover, out of this 30 % female population, 65 % is due to post menopausal conditions. Now, this clears up that post menopausal osteoporosis is no less dangerous than diseases like diabetes or breast cancer, when we talk about female sufferers. This disease cannot be completely eliminated from the body since the reasons because of which it occurs are nature bound. But we can definitely not allow it to take over the quality and independence of our life and this can be done with the help of suggested measures. If you are a female above 50 years and recently come across menopausal conditions, consult your doctor for keeping a check on post menopausal osteoporosis.