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Introduction 

The disease in which the bones become porous – Osteoporosis – is characterized by low mass of the bones. There also occurs deterioration of the structure of the bones. This disease is common in mid-aged women, who have crossed their menopausal phase, called the postmenopausal Osteoporosis. This results in the bones of these women becoming weak and fragile, and the patients are more prone to hip, spine and wrist fractures. This disease is a silent one, showing no symptoms. It just happens causing 20% of bone loss that occurs after menopause in at least one of every 3 women and the effect is that more women are seen to die of this disease, hip fractures, than the combined statistics of the death of women by cancers like those of the ovaries, uterus, and cervix.

Special characteristic 

Diseases can be passed on from the ached ones to the ones who are fine, causing them to be patients. Some diseases pass on by infections and some by genes. Yes, complex diseases like the menopausal Osteoporosis can be passed on from one generation to the other via genetic influence. Hence, in these cases, the analysis of DNA of a person, whose predecessors are known to have had Osteoporosis, can be a helpful diagnostic step. Well, however useful the genetic cause of the disease may be in the diagnosis phase, but ultimately it’s a disease and curing it via genetic analysis and identification of diseased chromosomes, and their replacements, is anyways a challenge.

Risks 

Some of the factors that seem as a risk in the occurrence of postmenopausal osteopoross in women are just unchangeable. They may be listed as follows:

Prevention 

Like any other kind of Osteoporosis, postmenopausal Osteoporosis also can be prevented by almost similar measures. High intake of calcium and vitamin D, and a regular program of healthy weight-lifting exercise are the basics of prevention and improvement in cases of post menopausal Osteoporosis. For example, an intake of 1 gram of calcium per day is a necessary consumption for effective impact of exercise. This improves the BMD in the spine. Besides, hormonal replacement therapies are also effective measures if done in time. Avoiding, or complete abandonment of, alcohol and smoking help more than expectations.

Treatment 

Treatment of postmenopausal Osteoporosis considers all factors like the age, BMD rate, medical history regarding fractures and the risk statistics of bone loss. Calcium taken in high doses is a necessary step but not sufficient. Exercise is an important part of life, be the patient a postmenopausal Osteoporosis case or not. The BMD test must be carried out every 2 years to check for improvements. Antiresorptive medications are provided for the patients whose BMD tests do not show the slightest improvements, but, on the contrary, are even more dreadful. Hormonal Therapies, like estrogen injection, in women, who are of age over 50 years, is an applaudable measure. Estrogen is responsible for the reduction of bone loss in body, and postmenopausal women lack estrogen, this therapy can help a lot. As directed by their respective doctors, patients should include intakes of calcium and vitamin D in their routines.

Conclusion 

Prevention is better than treatment – this saying holds in its truest form for postmenopausal Osteoporosis cases. People, very much concerned with the health of their skeletal beings and who want to remain active and free of anxieties, must choose not to fall prey to Osteoporosis.

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